Cheeses. Gouda is the most famous and consumed Dutch cheese worldwide. But the Netherlands has a much wider variety of cheeses than you can imagine. Edam and Leerdammer and many others. You can find cheese shops everywhere, and there is always tasting. There are cheeses made with pesto, pepper, truffle and more. Another great option is to make a stop and return to the city of Alkmaar, very close to Amsterdam. In spring and summer, especially on Fridays, you can visit the Dutch cheese markets on the city streets.